The History of Cosmetic Surgery

Since the beginning of time, human beings as a species have made physical attempts to change our outward appearances to reflect our aesthetic opinion. Sacrificial rituals, tattoos, piercings, and elongated craniums have all been around since before agriculture. The most shocking form of human self-beautification is the practice of cosmetic surgery; slicing, snipping, implanting, and stitching to create what a human would view as an ideal image for themselves.

Dr. Dominic of Elite Facial Plastic Surgery in Tampa knows that cosmetic surgery has been around since well before our time, and was born out of reconstructive surgery. Surgical intervention was born out of psychological well-being of the wounded and not as much out of functionality as it perhaps should be.

Sushruta was an Asian healer who is arguably the first plastic surgeon known to history. He worked in India in the 6th century B.C. and established many firsts, one of which was the wandering skin graft. A wandering skin graft is where a piece of skin is harvested to be grafted to another part of the body, but is still left attached by a small bridge of tissue. The tissue bridge allows the skin to regrow through the help of the vessel rich section of skin. Sushruta was able to then conduct revolutionary reconstructions on damaged features, a remarkable practice that Tampa plastic surgery centers still use today.

With Sushruta’s knowledge lost to the east-west divide, advances in reconstructive surgery remained at a standstill until the Renaissance. Gasparo Tagliacozzi was a pioneering Italian physician of the time, and was the first to recognize that grafted skin needed to be supplied with blood and nutrients in order to avoid infection. Tagliacozzi would outfit his facially disfigured patients with a device that would attach the mutilated nose to the innervated skin of the arm so they could grow in tandem.

Again, plastic surgery remained in a stagnant state for centuries until radical changes spurred from World War I, which prompted chemical bombs and skin burning mustard gas that caused horrific wounds. Sir Harold Gilles, a WWI physician, became the absolute pioneer of several plastic surgery techniques involving the skin graft and a closed tube of attached skin that is grown for use elsewhere on the body, also known as the pedicle. Gilles used his pedicle technique to perform revolutionary surgeries on men that were injured in the Great World War.

Facial rejuvenation techniques created by revolutionary physicians like Sushruta and then perfected by Gilles have paved the way for the simple cosmetic surgeries, allowing so many people to rely on them to bring them confidence, youth, and a sense of beauty. Plastic surgery and cosmetic surgery has come a long way since 600 B.C. Tampa plastic surgery experts have mastered the art of plastic surgery, if you are interested in finding out more information on a cosmetic procedure, visit Elite Facial Plastic Surgery of Tampa, Florida today!

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