It is a fact that as we grow older, we will all show signs of aging.  Unfortunately, the face is usually the first area that illustrates our age and is the most outward sign that we are no longer young.

In our last article, we discussed what can cause wrinkles (especially premature wrinkles) but what else happens to our facial features as we get on in years?  According to Dr. Dominic Castellano of Elite Facial Plastic Surgery in Tampa, all evidence of facial aging can be traced to five main factors:

Skin Changes – as the skin ages, it becomes thinner, tends to flatten and spider veins start to appear.  There is increased water loss from the skin and a decrease of the sebaceous glands, which provides natural moisture to the skin.  Abnormal cells accumulate and can create age spots or pre-cancerous lesions.  The skin’s capillaries and small blood vessels pull away from the skin, reducing blood flow.

Dynamic Lines – lines are created by our facial expressions and time.  The facial muscles tug and pull on the skin when we smile, frown, laugh and squint causing wrinkles and folds.

Loss of Tissue Elasticity – as we age, the skin loses elasticity (ability to bounce back), so it is less able to resist stretching. Coupled with gravity, muscle activity and tissue changes, the skin begins to wrinkle and/or sag.

Soft tissue and Bone Loss –the face loses volume, soft tissue and fat throughout middle age. Jowls may appear and folds from drooping skin increase in prominence.  As part of this reduction in soft tissue, the face gets hollow and lips lose their plumpness.  There may also be loss of bone volume that may require replenishment.

Effects of Gravity – with all the changes to the skin and tissue, gravity aggravates the situation and pulls everything downward.  Our eyes droop, cheeks sag, nose elongates and the tip sinks, jowls can form and a double chin may develop.   Eventually every face will show the effects of our many years on the planet.

Of course, each person will be affected differently – some will get wrinkles sooner and some may develop jowls later.  The good news is that there are many ways to ward off the signs of aging and a good cosmetic surgeon can provide you with the solutions that are a fit for your specific area of concern.

What many people don’t realize is that there are so many non-invasive procedures available these days that are quick, painless and not very expensive.  Injectables such as Botox or Xeomin can reduce and prevent wrinkles, while dermal fillers like Juvederm or Restylane can smooth out hollows or plump up the lips.  If you are concerned with your facial aging, talk to a qualified plastic surgeon and learn what you can do to take the years

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