Whether you have visible sunburn on the outside or not, you are still exposed to sun damages on the inside. While everyone is more or less aware of the dangers of sun exposure, there has been a rise in skin cancer.

Dr. Dominic at Elite Facial Plastic Surgery wants to touch on the importance of skin care and remind everyone about the dangers of over exposing your skin to sun damage, as the sunny summer months are upon us. Not only does the sun damage your skin, it is also a large cause of premature aging.

To understand sun damage, Dr. Dominic thinks that it is important to understand the specifics from light rays, pigment changes, and DNA damages. There is more to know than being burnt, tan, using a tanning bed, or being outside.

  1. There are two types of ultraviolet light that reach earth. There are UVA and UVB rays. The majority of light rays that reach our skin are known as UVA rays; which penetrate the skin deeper than UVB rays. UVA causes premature aging, wrinkles, and skin cancer. On the other hand, UVB rays are stronger and cause damage to the outer layer. UVB rays burn skin and cause direct damage to the skin’s DNA.
  2. Our skin pigment changes (as everyone is aware of); some people get red or tan, but everyone can see a change in pigment. Pigment is created by UVA penetration. The UVA rays trigger melanin close to the surface of the skin, and oxidize them, which causes the darker coloring.
  3. Lastly, your skin DNA becomes damaged. The more exposure to UV rays, the less protection your skin’s DNA has. This leads to DNA damage and error in cell division; which, in some cases, leads to skin cancer.

Overall, it is nearly impossible to avoid sun exposure. And at Elite Facial Plastic Surgery, we tend to our clients’ needs and lifestyle. Take in the fresh air, play outside, enjoy the long summer days, and have fun in the sun. Just remember to proactively protect your skin from further UV ray damage with SPF 30 sunscreen or higher!

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